When our skin becomes diseased, itchy and painful, it becomes our great enemy.

The skin is the body’s largest organ and serves as its most important protective shield – but when it gets sick, itches and hurts, it quickly becomes the biggest enemy. How to recognize skin diseases and when to see a doctor.

Smooth, even and delicate skin has always been part of our ideal of beauty. Those who are blessed with it can consider themselves lucky. Only when the skin is no longer flawless do we notice how important it is for our external appearance.

Skin diseases can have various causes: genetic predisposition, viruses, fungi, infections, contact with harmful substances or solar radiation, as well as psychological stress and stress. But regardless of the reason why the skin changes, itches, reddens or forms pustules – our self-confidence often suffers a lot from a skin disease.

Although many skin changes are incurable, they can often be improved or almost completely contained with medication or therapy. The first step towards healing is the exact determination of the disease, preferably by your family doctor or a dermatologist. Appropriate treatment can be started after diagnosis.

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Here you can find out how to recognize, differentiate between and properly treat skin diseases.

acne

Acne vulgaris is almost a widespread disease, because 85 percent of all Germans suffer or have suffered from it at some point. Contrary to what is often assumed, acne is not caused by poor hygiene, but by the bacterium Probionibacterium acnes, which triggers the formation of pimples. When the hormone androgen is produced to an increased extent during puberty, the sebum glands around the hair follicles enlarge and there is excessive sebum and increased formation of horny material. This leads to a blockage of the duct of the sebum gland and blackheads form, which can easily become inflamed due to the multiplication of the bacteria and turn into pimples, pustules and nodules.

This disease of the sebum system cannot be cured, but it can be kept in check. If over-the-counter drugs aren’t working, the dermatologist can help. It is important that therapy is started early in order to prevent subsequent scarring.

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eczema

This non-contagious itch is also called dermatitis and appears as a rash or an itchy inflammation on the skin. As a rule, the affected area is reddened, possibly swollen, becomes wet after a while and forms blisters that later become encrusted. There are many causes of eczema: contact with skin-damaging substances such as chemicals, cosmetics or costume jewelry, excess sebum, chemicals in textiles or too much stress.

If home remedies such as coconut oil, alkaline soaps, avoidance of the sun, or oil baths do not help, a dermatologist in south delhi should be consulted. They can check the cause of the eczema and treat the rash accordingly.

Skin fungus

This disease of the upper layers of the skin often occurs between the toes or in the genital area due to fungi such as filamentous fungi or yeasts growing on the skin. Called dermatomycosis in technical terms, skin fungi are expressed as red, itchy or gray-white swollen areas of skin with blistering. Skin fungi are favored by a warm, humid environment, for example through perspiration in skin folds, and are contagious. They can be transmitted from person to person through skin contact or through shoes and clothing and therefore absolutely require medical treatment.

Herpes

Sore blisters on the lip or genital area: Herpes is a skin infection caused by the herpes simplex virus. The triggers of this skin disease are two different virus species, which differ in their clinical picture. While herpes simplex virus 1 is responsible for most types of herpes on the face, type 2 is found in the genital area. Both forms are highly contagious and, once infected, remain in the body for a lifetime – even if at rest. Type 1 can be transmitted through close skin contact and smear infection; Genital herpes is passed on during sexual intercourse. In the case of normal herpes reactivation of type 2, no medical help needs to be sought. With the help of certain creams or tablets, the outbreak can be lessened, but not stopped entirely.

Eczema

Very dry skin and excruciating itching, especially on the scalp, face and hands, are typical symptoms of neurodermatitis. The clinical picture is chronic and in attacks. Neurodermatitis is hereditary and although the cause of this inflammatory skin disease cannot be cured, certain therapies can significantly improve the patient’s quality of life. Provocation factors for the disease should be identified and avoided, the skin should be given special cream and medication to relieve itching should be taken. Which therapy is most successful should be discussed with a dermatologist.

Rosacea

People between the ages of 30 and 40 may have what is known as a copper rose or facial rose, which increases with age. The chronic skin disease shows up as reddened, itchy skin with pustules and papules in the middle face – i.e. on the forehead, nose, cheeks or chin. It is not entirely clear what causes the skin disease, but it is known that it is a combination of various causes. There is no cure for rosacea, but the flare-ups can be contained with various therapies. With this skin disease you should always consult a doctor.

Psoriasis

Psoriasis causes severe itching and flaky skin in sufferers with punctiform to palm-sized affected areas of skin on the knees, elbows or scalp. The tricky thing is that psoriasis can affect not only the skin, but organs and joints as well. It is hereditary, not contagious, has a chronic course and usually shows up before the age of 40 in psoriasis type 1. The rare late type, psoriasis type 2, does not appear until the age of 50. Since a therapy against psoriasis has to be individually tailored to the patient and the course of the disease, a doctor is the right contact.